A lot of people may not know, but the Osumi has a very old history. One reason may be because the castle of the Shimazu Clan, a feudal warlord clan in Japan, who ruled Satsuma-han Domain, was located in the Satsuma Peninsula side.
The place name Osumi first appeared in “Shoku-nihongi”, a history book complied by the Imperial command and it said that the Emperor Genmei ordered to separate “Kimotsuku County”, “Soo County”, “Osumi County” and “Aira County” from “Himuka-no-kuni (kuni means a former local administrative district and former name for Miyazaki)” to create “Osumi-no-kuni” for the first time in the 6 year of the Wado era.
The six year of the Wado era is 713 A.D. So Osumi-no-kuni was created after only 13 years from the establishment of the “Taiho-ritsuryo”, first full-blown legal code of the Nara era.
Actually this year is 1300 years anniversary of the compilation of “Kojiki”, which is the Japanese first full-blown national history book, compiled by the Imperial command in 712 A.D. So next year is the 1300 years anniversary of the establishment of Osumi-no-kuni.
Now this area has a population of about 250 thousands people. I guess even people in Kagoshima City don’t know about the Osumi well enough except to say that this area’s main industries are agriculture and animal husbandry and there is a space center. Furthermore, a guide book, which has about two hundred pages, allocates only three pages for introduction of the Osumi.
I believe that the Osumi area is a wonderful place. So, I would like to introduce how wonderful this area is in this.